Your flock has nutritional requirements that need to be met for optimal health and laying. The following nutrients need to be present in their daily feed ration and are the foundation of healthy diet:
Carbohydrates. They provide energy needed to be warm and active and are also necessary for egg production.
Fat. Fats are another source of energy. They are also important for body condition and function. They are necessary for the body to absorb fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Protein. Proteins generate and repair muscles and molecules. Without protein, chickens can not develop from egg to adult, over all body condition including feathers will suffer, and laying ability will be affected.
Vitamins. Vitamins are necessary for development, growth and maintenance.
Minerals. Minerals are important for maintaining bodily functions, bodily systems, development, growth and maintenance.
The following are the ingredients I use to make my own feed:
Corn. Chickens love it. It’s easy to buy. Corn provides carbohydrates and lower amounts of fat.
Wheat. Source of protein, carbohydrates. Also aids in digestion.
Field peas. Higher level of protein necessary for development, growth, and maintenance.
Oats. Important for protein, fiber and vitamins.
Black Oil Sunflower Seeds. Great source of fat for putting on and maintaining weight, especially in winter months.
Alfalfa. Alfalfa is high in protein and fiber.
Kelp. Immunity boosting supplement! Contains the following vitamins and minerals:
Brewer’s Yeast. High in Niacin.
Make gradual adjustments and changes when switching feeds. Some flocks may need additional supplementation including oyster shell for calcium and grit for digestion. If your birds are in poor condition despite great diet, other health issues should be investigated and ruled out such as internal and external parasites.